MECA’s Permit and Licenses – Explained

The Ministerial Decision (MD) 48/2017 is the new regulation for organizing environmental permitting in Oman and that also cancelled the MD 187/2001.

As per MD 48/2017, an Environmental Permit is the approval issued by the concerned authority in the Ministry (in this case, MECA) including the permissions given to the owner to practice a certain activity after ensuring its environmental safety.

Several Environmental Permits may be applicable depending on the activities or processes involved in a proposed project or development.  These activities are linked to the company’s registered business activities and are ISIC-based.  Companies are to coordinate with MECA’s Environmental Assessment and Permit Centre (for guidance on environmental assessment requirements) and the online application to be made with MOCI’s Invest Easy Portal.

Most MECA-issued permits comes with conditions. Typical conditions, aside from employing best practices, conservation ethics, periodic monitoring reports submission, include securing a License.

But what is the difference?

License is issued based on an Environmental Permit and it addresses the technical sufficiency of the applicant’s facility.  It is an upfront legal authorization used to allow practicing a restricted business activity.

As of this writing, MECA has listed 14 areas for licensing for companies or businesses (e.g., air, noise, soil and water, climate, etc.).  Different types of licenses are applicable for Individuals and Public Institutions.  Licenses are obtained from MECA’s Environmental Inspection and Control Department as well as Climate Affairs.

Impact Assessment of Projects on Water Resources

This article aims to assist project planners, EIA practitioners, and the community on Omani regulations as well as to know how to conduct impact assessment of any projects on water resources.

Environmental Permitting Process and EIA in the Sultanate of Oman

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) can generally be defined as an analysis of the effects of a proposed activity or development on the environment and in Oman (as with other developed and developing countries), it is normally required to most industrial, mining, and development activities to be issued an environmental permit.

The paper highlights the evolution to current status, the legal framework, concepts, processes and principles of EIA and the process involved in obtaining an environmental permit within the context of the Sultanate of Oman.

Please contact Agnes to get a copy of the article.