Legislation and Regulations

The Basic Law of Oman (RD 101-1996), which may be regarded as the constitution, considers the protection of the environment and prevention of pollution a social principle and responsibility of the State.

The principal framework legislation is the Law for the Protection of Environment and Prevention of Pollution (RD 114-2001).  This law prescribes strict penalties for the release of environmental pollutants and discharge of effluents, both in the land and the maritime territory of Oman.

This page provides the list of laws and regulations in the Sultanate of Oman – related to the environment, waste, permitting, climate affairs, on sustainability, etc. Note that this list is not exhaustive.

The laws and regulations below are in Arabic and in English (unofficial translation), when available.

Listing of these laws are made available for practicing environmental and sustainability specialists.

SustainableOman is not an official source of laws, please refer to Oman's Official Gazette.

Please come back often for updates.  Contact us for any errors or broken links.

Last Update: June 2019

Description Arabic English
RD 10-82 Issuing the Law on Conservation of the Environment and Prevention of Pollution   Arabic
RD 63-85 Amendment of Some Provisions of Law on Protecting the Environment and Pollution Control Arabic
RD 71-89 Amendment of Some Provisions of Law of Environment Protection and Pollution Control Arabic
RD 31-93 Amendment of Law of Environment Protection and Pollution Control Arabic
RD 57-94 Oman's Ratification of Two Protocols Related to Environmental Protection Arabic
RD 111-96 Amending Some Provisions of the Law on the Conservation of the Environment and Prevention of Pollution Arabic
RD 75-98 Amendment of Law on Environment and Pollution Control Arabic
RD 114-2001 Law on Conservation of the Environment and Prevention of Pollution Arabic English
MD 16-2010 Issuing a Chart/Board of Organizing Environmental Conditions for Civil and Industrial Activities Arabic
Description Arabic English
RD 8-2011 Oil and Gas Law    English
MD 2-90 Issuing the Regulation for Registration of Existing Wells and New Well Permit  Arabic  English
RD 2-99 Defining the Inviolable Areas Alongside Oil & Gas Pipelines Arabic  
RD 3-99 Determining the Public Utility Status of the Oil & Gas Pipeline Arabic  
MD 14-2012 Issuing a Chart of Regulations for Investigating Wells and Burning Petroleum Materials and Emissions of Natural Gas and Condensate Arabic  
Description Arabic English
MD 18-2012 Issuing Regulations for the Climate Affairs Management  Arabic  English
MD 37-2001 Issuing the Regulation on Control and Management of ODS  Arabic  English
MD 243-2005 Regulation for the Control and Management of ODS  Arabic  English
MD 117-2013 Guidelines for the Preparation of Climate Affairs Chapter in the Environmental Impact Assessment Study for the Projects (2013)  Arabic  English
Form No. 1 Guidelines for the Preparation of Climate Affairs Chapter English
Form No. 2 Guidelines for the Preparation of Climate Affairs Chapter English
MD 35-2013 Regulations for the Approval of Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) Projects under the Kyoto Protocol  Arabic  English
MD 107-2013 Protection of Ozone Layer  Arabic  English
MD 20-2016 Regulations for the Management of Climate Affairs Arabic English
MD 59-2019 Regulations for the Issuance of Climate Affairs License for Facilities Engaged in Repair and Maintenance of Air-Conditioners and Refrigeration Appliances Arabic
Description Arabic English
LO 21-90 Determining Colors that Distinguish Water Transportation Vehicles    English
LO 24-91 Breeding Animals in the Limits and Boundaries of Muscat Municipality    English
LO 23-92 Building Regulation for Muscat    English
LO 35-98 Concerning the Amendment of the LO 24-91    English
LO 1-2006 Regarding the Protection of Public Health    English
Fire Safety Requirements Part 1 - Buildings Fire Prevention and Protection Requirements    English
Fire Safety Requirements Part 3 - Transport, Storage, Handling and Installations of Liquefied Petroleum Gas    English
Fire Safety Requirements Part 5 - Water Supplies for Fire Fighting    English
Description Arabic English
RD 30/1/1974 IMO Convention 48  Arabic  English
RD 102-97 IMO Amendments 93  Arabic  English
RD 25-81 MARPOL 73/778 (Annexes I/II)  Arabic  English
RD 57-94 MARPOL 73/78 (Annex III/IV)  Arabic  English
RD 73/78 (Annex V)  Arabic  English
RD 26-81 London Dumping Convention 72  Arabic